100 Reasons Why Climate Change is
Here are the 100 reasons, released in a dossier issued by the European
Foundation, why climate change is natural and not man-made:
1) There is no real scientific proof that the current
warming is caused by the rise of greenhouse gases from mans
2) Man-made carbon dioxide emissions throughout human history
constitute less than 0.00022 percent of the total naturally emitted
from the mantle of the earth during geological history.
3) Warmer periods of the Earths history came around 800
years before rises in CO2 levels.
4) After World War II, there was a huge surge in recorded CO2
emissions but global temperatures fell for four decades after
5) Throughout the Earths history, temperatures have often
been warmer than now and CO2 levels have often been higher
more than ten times as high.
6) Significant changes in climate have continually occurred throughout
7) The 0.7C increase in the average global temperature over the
last hundred years is entirely consistent with well-established,
long-term, natural climate trends.
8) The IPCC theory is driven by just 60 scientists and favourable
reviewers not the 4,000 usually cited.
9) Leaked e-mails from British climate scientists in a
scandal known as Climate-gate - suggest that that
has been manipulated to exaggerate global warming
10) A large body of scientific research suggests that the sun
is responsible for the greater share of climate change during
the past hundred years.
11) Politicians and activiists claim rising sea levels are a
direct cause of global warming but sea levels rates have been
increasing steadily since the last ice age 10,000 ago
12) Philip Stott, Emeritus Professor of Biogeography at the School
of Oriental and African Studies in London says climate change
is too complicated to be caused by just one factor, whether CO2
13) Peter Lilley MP said last month that fewer people in
Britain than in any other country believe in the importance of
global warming. That is despite the fact that our Government and
our political classpredominantlyare more committed
to it than their counterparts in any other country in the world.
14) In pursuit of the global warming rhetoric, wind farms will
do very little to nothing to reduce CO2 emissions
15) Professor Plimer, Professor of Geology and Earth Sciences
at the University of Adelaide, stated that the idea of taking
a single trace gas in the atmosphere, accusing it and finding
it guilty of total responsibility for climate change, is an absurdity
16) A Harvard University astrophysicist and geophysicist, Willie
Soon, said he is embarrassed and puzzled by the shallow
science in papers that support the proposition that the earth
faces a climate crisis caused by global warming.
17) The science of what determines the earths temperature
is in fact far from settled or understood.
18) Despite activist concerns over CO2 levels, CO2 is a minor
greenhouse gas, unlike water vapour which is tied to climate concerns,
and which we cant even pretend to control
19) A petition by scientists trying to tell the world that the
political and media portrayal of global warming is false was put
forward in the Heidelberg Appeal in 1992. Today, more than 4,000
signatories, including 72 Nobel Prize winners, from 106 countries
have signed it.
20) It is claimed the average global temperature increased at
a dangerously fast rate in the 20th century but the recent rate
of average global temperature rise has been between 1 and 2 degrees
C per century - within natural rates
21) Professor Zbigniew Jaworowski, Chairman of the Scientific
Council of the Central Laboratory for Radiological Protection
in Warsaw, Poland says the earths temperature has more to
do with cloud cover and water vapor than CO2 concentration in
22) There is strong evidence from solar studies which suggests
that the Earths current temperature stasis will be followed
by climatic cooling over the next few decades
23) It is myth that receding glaciers are proof of global warming
as glaciers have been receding and growing cyclically for many
24) It is a falsehood that the earths poles are warming
because that is natural variation and while the western Arctic
may be getting somewhat warmer we also see that the Eastern Arctic
and Greenland are getting colder
25) The IPCC claims climate driven impacts on biodiversity
are significant and of key relevance but those claims are
simply not supported by scientific research
26) The IPCC threat of climate change to the worlds species
does not make sense as wild species are at least one million years
old, which means they have all been through hundreds of climate
27) Research goes strongly against claims that CO2-induced global
warming would cause catastrophic disintegration of the Greenland
and Antarctic Ice Sheets.
28) Despite activist concerns over CO2 levels, rising CO2 levels
are our best hope of raising crop yields to feed an ever-growing
29) The biggest climate change ever experienced on earth took
place around 700 million years ago
30) The slight increase in temperature which has been observed
since 1900 is entirely consistent with well-established, long-term
natural climate cycles
31) Despite activist concerns over CO2 levels, rising CO2 levels
of some so-called greenhouse gases may be contributing
to higher oxygen levels and global cooling, not warming
32) Accurate satellite, balloon and mountain top observations
made over the last three decades have not shown any significant
change in the long term rate of increase in global temperatures
33) Todays CO2 concentration of around 385 ppm is very
low compared to most of the earths history we actually
live in a carbon-deficient atmosphere
34) It is a myth that CO2 is the most common greenhouse gas because
greenhouse gases form about 3% of the atmosphere by volume, and
CO2 constitutes about 0.037% of the atmosphere
35) It is a myth that computer models verify that CO2 increases
will cause significant global warming because computer models
can be made to verify anything
36) There is no scientific or statistical evidence whatsoever
that global warming will cause more storms and other weather extremes
37) One statement deleted from a UN report in 1996 stated that
none of the studies cited above has shown clear evidence
that we can attribute the observed climate changes to increases
in greenhouse gases
38) The world warmed by 0.07 +/- 0.07 degrees C from
1999 to 2008, not the 0.20 degrees C expected by the IPCC
39) The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change says it
is likely that future tropical cyclones (typhoons and hurricanes)
will become more intense but there has been no increase
in the intensity or frequency of tropical cyclones globally
40) Rising CO2 levels in the atmosphere can be shown not only
to have a negligible effect on the Earths many ecosystems,
but in some cases to be a positive help to many organisms
41) Researchers who compare and contrast climate change impact
on civilizations found warm periods are beneficial to mankind
and cold periods harmful
42) The Met Office asserts we are in the hottest decade since
records began but this is precisely what the world should expect
if the climate is cyclical
43) Rising CO2 levels increase plant growth and make plants more
resistant to drought and pests
44) The historical increase in the airs CO2 content has
improved human nutrition by raising crop yields during the past
45) The increase of the airs CO2 content has probably helped
lengthen human lifespans since the beginning of the Industrial
46) The IPCC alleges that climate change currently contributes
to the global burden of disease and premature deaths but
the evidence shows that higher temperatures and rising CO2 levels
has helped global populations
47) In May of 2004, the Russian Academy of Sciences published
a report concluding that the Kyoto Protocol has no scientific
grounding at all.
48) The Climate-gate scandal pointed to a expensive
public campaign of disinformation and the denigration of scientists
who opposed the belief that CO2 emissions were causing climate
49) The head of Britains climate change watchdog has predicted
households will need to spend up to £15,000 on a full energy
efficiency makeover if the Government is to meet its ambitious
targets for cutting carbon emissions.
50) Wind power is unlikely to be the answer to our energy needs.
The wind power industry argues that there are no direct
subsidies but it involves a total subsidy of as much as
£60 per MWh which falls directly on electricity consumers.
This burden will grow in line with attempts to achieve Wind power
targets, according to a recent OFGEM report.
51) Wind farms are not an efficient way to produce energy. The
British Wind Energy Association (BWEA) accepts a figure of 75
per cent back-up power is required.
52) Global temperatures are below the low end of IPCC predictions
not at at the top end of IPCC estimates
53) Climate alarmists have raised the concern over acidification
of the oceans but Tom Segalstad from Oslo University in Norway
, and others, have noted that the composition of ocean water
including CO2, calcium, and water can act as a buffering
agent in the acidification of the oceans.
54) The UNs IPCC computer models of human-caused global
warming predict the emergence of a hotspot in the
upper troposphere over the tropics. Former researcher in the Australian
Department of Climate Change, David Evans, said there is no evidence
of such a hotspot
55) The argument that climate change is a of result of global
warming caused by human activity is the argument of flat Earthers.
56) The manner in which US President Barack Obama sidestepped
Congress to order emission cuts shows how undemocratic and irrational
the entire international decision-making process has become with
regards to emission-target setting.
57) William Kininmonth, a former head of the National Climate
Centre and a consultant to the World Meteorological Organisation,
wrote the likely extent of global temperature rise from
a doubling of CO2 is less than 1C. Such warming is well within
the envelope of variation experienced during the past 10,000 years
and insignificant in the context of glacial cycles during the
past million years, when Earth has been predominantly very cold
and covered by extensive ice sheets.
58) Canada has shown the world targets derived from the existing
Kyoto commitments were always unrealistic and did not work for
59) In the lead up to the Copenhagen summit, David Davis MP said
of previous climate summits, at Rio de Janeiro in 1992 and Kyoto
in 1997 that many had promised greater cuts, but neither
happened, but we are continuing along the same lines.
60) The UK s environmental policy has a long-term price
tag of about £55 billion, before taking into account the
impact on its economic growth.
61) The UNs panel on climate change warned that Himalayan
glaciers could melt to a fifth of current levels by 2035. J. Graham
Cogley a professor at Ontario Trent University, claims this inaccurate
stating the UN authors got the date from an earlier report wrong
by more than 300 years.
62) Under existing Kyoto obligations the EU has attempted to claim
success, while actually increasing emissions by 13 per cent, according
to Lord Lawson. In addition the EU has pursued this scheme by
purchasing offsets from countries such as China paying
them billions of dollars to destroy atmospheric pollutants, such
as CFC-23, which were manufactured purely in order to be destroyed.
63) It is claimed that the average global temperature was relatively
unchanging in pre-industrial times but sky-rocketed since 1900,
and will increase by several degrees more over the next 100 years
according to Penn State University researcher Michael Mann. There
is no convincing empirical evidence that past climate was unchanging,
nor that 20th century changes in average global temperature were
unusual or unnatural.
64) Michael Mann of Penn State University has actually shown that
the Medieval Warm Period and the Little Ice Age did in fact exist,
which contrasts with his earlier work which produced the hockey
stick graph which showed a constant temperature over the
past thousand years or so followed by a recent dramatic upturn.
65) The globes current approach to climate change in which
major industrialised countries agree to nonsensical targets for
their CO2 emissions by a given date, as it has been under the
Kyoto system, is very expensive.
66) The Climate-gate scandal revealed that a scientific
team had emailed one another about using a trick for
the sake of concealing a decline in temperatures when
looking at the history of the Earths temperature.
67) Global temperatures have not risen in any statistically-significant
sense for 15 years and have actually been falling for nine years.
The Climate-gate scandal revealed a scientific team
had expressed dismay at the fact global warming was contrary to
their predictions and admitted their inability to explain it was
68) The IPCC predicts that a warmer planet will lead to more extreme
weather, including drought, flooding, storms, snow, and wildfires.
But over the last century, during which the IPCC claims the world
experienced more rapid warming than any time in the past two millennia,
the world did not experience significantly greater trends in any
of these extreme weather events.
69) In explaining the average temperature standstill we are currently
experiencing, the Met Office Hadley Centre ran a series of computer
climate predictions and found in many of the computer runs there
were decade-long standstills but none for 15 years so it
expects global warming to resume swiftly.
70) Richard Lindzen, Professor of Atmospheric Sciences at Massachusetts
Institute of Technology, wrote: The notion of a static,
unchanging climate is foreign to the history of the Earth or any
other planet with a fluid envelope. Such hysteria (over global
warming) simply represents the scientific illiteracy of much of
the public, the susceptibility of the public to the substitution
of repetition for truth.
71) Despite the 1997 Kyoto Protocols status as the flagship
of the fight against climate change it has been a failure.
72) The first phase of the EUs Emissions Trading Scheme
(ETS), which ran from 2005 to 2007 was a failure. Huge over-allocation
of permits to pollute led to a collapse in the price of carbon
from €33 to just €0.20 per tonne meaning the system
did not reduce emissions at all.
73) The EU trading scheme, to manage carbon emissions has completely
failed and actually allows European businesses to duck out of
making their emissions reductions at home by offsetting, which
means paying for cuts to be made overseas instead.
74) To date cap and trade carbon markets have done
almost nothing to reduce emissions.
75) In the United States , the cap-and-trade is an approach designed
to control carbon emissions and will impose huge costs upon American
citizens via a carbon tax on all goods and services produced in
the United States. The average family of four can expect to pay
an additional $1700, or £1,043, more each year. It is predicted
that the United States will lose more than 2 million jobs as the
result of cap-and-trade schemes.
76) Dr Roy Spencer, a principal research scientist at the University
of Alabama in Huntsville, has indicated that out of the 21 climate
models tracked by the IPCC the differences in warming exhibited
by those models is mostly the result of different strengths of
positive cloud feedback and that increasing CO2 is insufficient
to explain global-average warming in the last 50 to 100 years.
77) Why should politicians devote our scarce resources in a globally
competitive world to a false and ill-defined problem, while ignoring
the real problems the entire planet faces, such as: poverty, hunger,
disease or terrorism.
78) A proper analysis of ice core records from the past 650,000
years demonstrates that temperature increases have come before,
and not resulted from, increases in CO2 by hundreds of years.
79) Since the cause of global warming is mostly natural, then
there is in actual fact very little we can do about it. (We are
still not able to control the sun).
80) A substantial number of the panel of 2,500 climate scientists
on the United Nations International Panel on Climate Change,
which created a statement on scientific unanimity on climate change
and man-made global warming, were found to have serious concerns.
81) The UKs Met Office has been forced this year to re-examine
160 years of temperature data after admitting that public confidence
in the science on man-made global warming has been shattered by
revelations about the data.
82) Politicians and activists push for renewable energy sources
such as wind turbines under the rhetoric of climate change, but
it is essentially about money under the system of Renewable
Obligations. Much of the money is paid for by consumers in electricity
bills. It amounts to £1 billion a year.
83) The Climate-gate scandal revealed that a scientific
team had tampered with their own data so as to conceal inconsistencies
84) The Climate-gate scandal revealed that a scientific
team had campaigned for the removal of a learned journals
editor, solely because he did not share their willingness to debase
science for political purposes.
85) Ice-core data clearly show that temperatures change centuries
before concentrations of atmospheric CO2 change. Thus, there appears
to be little evidence for insisting that changes in concentrations
of CO2 are the cause of past temperature and climate change.
86) There are no experimentally verified processes explaining
how CO2 concentrations can fall in a few centuries without falling
temperatures in fact it is changing temperatures which
cause changes in CO2 concentrations, which is consistent with
experiments that show CO2 is the atmospheric gas most readily
absorbed by water.
87) The Governments Renewable Energy Strategy contains a
massive increase in electricity generation by wind power costing
around £4 billion a year over the next twenty years. The
benefits will be only £4 to £5 billion overall (not
per annum). So costs will outnumber benefits by a range of between
eleven and seventeen times.
88) Whilst CO2 levels have indeed changed for various reasons,
human and otherwise, just as they have throughout history, the
CO2 content of the atmosphere has increased since the beginning
of the industrial revolution, and the growth rate has now been
constant for the past 25 years.
89) It is a myth that CO2 is a pollutant, because nitrogen forms
80% of our atmosphere and human beings could not live in 100%
nitrogen either: CO2 is no more a pollutant than nitrogen is and
CO2 is essential to life.
90) Politicians and climate activists make claims to rising sea
levels but certain members in the IPCC chose an area to measure
in Hong Kong that is subsiding. They used the record reading of
2.3 mm per year rise of sea level.
91) The accepted global average temperature statistics used by
the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change show that no ground-based
warming has occurred since 1998.
92) If one factors in non-greenhouse influences such as El Nino
events and large volcanic eruptions, lower atmosphere satellite-based
temperature measurements show little, if any, global warming since
1979, a period over which atmospheric CO2 has increased by 55
ppm (17 per cent).
93) US President Barack Obama pledged to cut emissions by 2050
to equal those of 1910 when there were 92 million Americans. In
2050, there will be 420 million Americans, so Obamas promise
means that emissions per head will be approximately what they
were in 1875. It simply will not happen.
94) The European Union has already agreed to cut emissions by
20 percent to 2020, compared with 1990 levels, and is willing
to increase the target to 30 percent. However, these are unachievable
and the EU has already massively failed with its Emissions Trading
Scheme (ETS), as EU emissions actually rose by 0.8 percent from
2005 to 2006 and are known to be well above the Kyoto goal.
95) Australia has stated it wants to slash greenhouse emissions
by up to 25 percent below 2000 levels by 2020, but the pledges
were so unpopular that the countrys Senate has voted against
the carbon trading Bill, and the Oppositions Party leader
has now been ousted by a climate change sceptic.
96) Canada plans to reduce emissions by 20 percent compared with
2006 levels by 2020, representing approximately a 3 percent cut
from 1990 levels but it simultaneously defends its Alberta tar
sands emissions and its record as one of the worlds highest
per-capita emissions setters.
97) India plans to reduce the ratio of emissions to production
by 20-25 percent compared with 2005 levels by 2020, but all Government
officials insist that since India has to grow for its development
and poverty alleviation, it has to emit, because the economy is
driven by carbon.
98) The Leipzig Declaration in 1996, was signed by 110 scientists
who said: We along with many of our fellow citizens
are apprehensive about the climate treaty conference scheduled
for Kyoto, Japan, in December 1997 and based on all
the evidence available to us, we cannot subscribe to the politically
inspired world view that envisages climate catastrophes and calls
for hasty actions.
99) A US Oregon Petition Project stated We urge the United
States government to reject the global warming agreement that
was written in Kyoto, Japan in December, 1997, and any other similar
proposals. The proposed limits on greenhouse gases would harm
the environment, hinder the advance of science and technology,
and damage the health and welfare of mankind. There is no convincing
scientific evidence that human release of CO2, methane, or other
greenhouse gasses is causing or will, in the foreseeable future,
cause catastrophic heating of the Earths atmosphere and
disruption of the Earths climate.
100) A report by the Nongovernmental International Panel on Climate
Change concluded We find no support for the IPCCs
claim that climate observations during the twentieth century are
either unprecedented or provide evidence of an anthropogenic effect
Reference Sources 231
December 16, 2009