Taking Short Breaks Will Help
You Consolidate What You Learn
Scientists have always known that sleeping helps consolidate memory
by allowing your mind to sift through recently gained knowledge
and file it in the brain.
But this new research suggests that even a short rest or break
while conscious could help it sort and retain information.
The findings by New York University, which appear in the latest
issue of the journal Neuron, expand our understanding of how memories
It is also could help explain why we remember some knowledge
in exquisite detail but forget others almost immediately.
"Taking a coffee break after class can actually help you
retain that information you just learned," said Dr Lila Davachi,
an assistant professor in NYU's Department of Psychology and Center
for Neural Science.
To determine if memory consolidation occurred during periods
of conscious rest while awake, the researchers imaged parts of
the brain known to play a significant role in memory, the hippocampus
and cortical regions.
Titled "Your brain wants you to tune out other tasks so
you can tune in to what you just learned," the experiment
tested subjects' associative memory by showing them pairs of images
containing a human face and an object, such as a beach ball, or
a human face and a scene, such as a beach, followed by periods
of "awake rest".
Subjects were not informed their memory for these images would
later be tested, but, rather, were instructed to rest and simply
think about anything that they wanted, but to remain awake during
the resting periods.
The researchers used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI)
to gauge brain activity during the task and during the ensuing
The researchers found that during rest, the areas of the brain
were just as active as they were when they were learning the task
especially if the task was particularly memorable.
Also, the greater the correlation between rest and learning the
greater the chance of remembering the task in later tests.
"Your brain is working for you when you're resting, so rest
is important for memory and cognitive function," Dr Davachi
This is something we don't appreciate much, especially when today's
information technologies keep us working round-the-clock."
Researchers have discovered that the mind keeps most memories
for just a day but then at night acts like a film editor sifting
through the "video clips" before transferring the best
bits to long term storage in our own movie archive.
Experiments in humans and mice show that memories are first stored
in the hippocampus, a sea horse shaped part of the central brain,
before being "replayed" and then being filed in the
outer neocortex, otherwise known as grey matter.
January 29, 2010