Oct 24, 2012 by EDITOR
Watermelon Shown To Have Weight Loss Benefits and Boost Heart Health
New findings reported in the Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry showed that watermelon juice reduced weight and arterial plaque better than a control group, suggesting that citrulline, a compound found in watermelon, plays a role in cardiovascular health.
A pilot study in 2010 showed that watermelon extracts may be effective at naturally reducing pre-hypertension. The research, led by food scientists at The Florida State University suggested that 6 weeks of L-citrulline extract from watermelon, reduced blood pressure and aortic wave reflection in middle aged individuals with pre-hypertension.
Now a study from Purdue University and University of Kentucky showed that mice fed a diet including watermelon juice had lower weight, cholesterol and arterial plaque than a control group.
Scientists have said that watermelon has ingredients that deliver Viagra-like effects to the body’s blood vessels and may even increase libido. “The more we study watermelons, the more we realize just how amazing a fruit it is in providing natural enhancers to the human body,” said Dr. Bhimu Patil, director of Texas A&M’s Fruit and Vegetable Improvement Center in College Station.
“We’ve always known that watermelon is good for you, but the list of its very important healthful benefits grows longer with each study.”
Beneficial ingredients in watermelon and other fruits and vegetables are known as phyto-nutrients, naturally occurring compounds that are bioactive, or able to react with the human body to trigger healthy reactions, Patil said.
“We were interested in citrulline because previous studies showed that it may lower blood pressure,” said Shubin Saha, a Purdue Extension vegetable specialist and study co-author. “We didn’t see a lowering of blood pressure, but these other changes are promising.”
The researchers fed two groups of mice diets high in saturated fat and cholesterol. Half the mice received water containing 2 percent watermelon juice, while the others received the same amount of water supplemented with a solution that matched the carbohydrate content of the watermelon juice.
The mice that consumed watermelon juice gained about 30 percent less weight than the control group and had about 50 percent less LDL cholesterol -- the so-called bad cholesterol. The experimental group also had about a 50 percent reduction in plaque in their arteries, as well as elevated levels of citrulline.
“We know that watermelon is good for health because it contains citrulline,” said Sibu Saha, a professor of surgery at the University of Kentucky. “We don’t know yet at what molecular level it’s working, and that’s the next step.”
The scientists are interested in finding a secondary market for watermelons in nutraceuticals, which are foods or food components that also offer health benefits. Shubin Saha said that about 20 percent of each year’s watermelon crop is wasted either because the fruit is visibly unappealing to consumers or because some growers find it too expensive to pay for harvesting as prices drop during the height of watermelon season.
“We could use the wasted melons that can’t go to market for extracting beneficial compounds,” Shubin Saha said. “Growers are putting energy into these crops, so if we can do something to help them market their additional product, that would be a benefit to the industry and consumers.”
There is evidence that oral L-citrulline and watermelon supplementation can reduce peripheral blood pressure and improve nitric oxide dependent vasodilation in hypertensive and diabetic rats.
Shubin Saha said he would continue to look at how concentrations of citrulline and lycopene, another compound found in watermelon, affect health. He will also test other varieties to determine whether particular watermelons have more health benefits.