Obesity Boosts Prostate Cancer Mortality
Obese men diagnosed with prostate cancer are more
than twice as likely to die of the disease than their leaner peers,
a new study shows.
Those are the findings of a new study conducted by researchers at
the Pennsylvania State University and published in the journal Child
Although there is currently a focus on teaching specific content
and factual information in pre-kindergarten and early elementary
education, these findings indicate that without a simultaneous
focus on promoting self-regulation skills, many children are likely
to struggle to keep pace with the academic demands of the early
The study examined the role of self-regulation in emerging academic
ability in 141 3- to 5-year-old children from low-income homes
who attended Head Start, the federal preschool program for children
living in poverty. The researchers sought to determine the extent
to which distinct but overlapping aspects of children's developing
self-regulation (cognitive, social-emotional, and temperament-based)
are associated with emerging math and literacy ability in kindergarten.
The researchers found that all aspects of children's self-regulation
are uniquely related to their academic abilities, over and above
their intelligence. They also found that one particular aspect
of self-regulation--termed the inhibitory control aspect of brain
function used in planning, problem solving, and goal-directed
activity--is predictive of all academic outcomes but was particularly
associated with early ability in math.
"Children's ability to regulate their thinking and behavior
develops rapidly in the preschool years," according to Clancy
Blair, associate professor of human development and family studies
at the Pennsylvania State University and lead author of the study.
"By the time children start school, they are expected to
be able to sufficiently regulate attention, impulsivity, and emotion
so as to communicate effectively and to jointly engage in learning
experiences with teachers and classmates.
"For some children, however, particularly children from
low-income homes or facing early adversity, self-regulation abilities
may be slow in developing, leading to problems in the transition
to school and increased risk for early school failure. In the
attempt to improve educational achievement and decrease inequities
in educational progress associated with socioeconomic status,
it is important to understand the nature of multiple influences
on early progress in school."
The study was funded by the National Institute of Child Health
and Human Development.