Bruise Easily? 6 Reasons Why and One of The Easiest Ways To Reduce The Incidence
There are many reasons for easy bruising, a traumatic injury of the soft tissues that results in breakage of the local capillaries and leakage of red blood cells. If do bruise easily in different parts of your body, here is the best way to reduce the incidence.
In the skin, bruising can be seen as a reddish-purple discoloration that does not blanch when pressed upon. This discoloration leads to the classic "black and blue" appearance. When a bruise fades, it becomes green and brown as the body metabolizes the blood cells and bilirubin pigment in the skin. A bruise can sometimes be associated with a temporary raised area in the skin and is usually associated with some tenderness. A bruise is best treated with local application of a cold pack immediately after injury.
A bruise is medically termed a contusion. Bruises are typically a result of some degree of injury to the blood vessels in the skin. Easy bruising may be a result of a seemingly insignificant compression of skin or there may be no skin injury recollected.
The most common possible diagnoses for unexplained bruising are injuries the patient doesn't remember. It's not uncommon at all for an individual to suffer some minor bump during the day and forget about it ever happening. There are common causes and even simple ways to address them.
You May Experience Bruising
1) You're getting older
As you age, two things happen to your skin: It loses protective layers of fat, and the production of the structural protein collagen slows down. That means thinner skin that's more susceptible to bruising. "This is incredibly common in the 60+ population,"says Gary Goldenberg, MD, assistant professor of dermatology at The Mount Sinai Hospital. "It takes a lot less trauma to create a bruise than it ever did before in your life."
2) You have purpuric dermatosis.
Another vascular condition, this one means that blood leaks out from very small capillaries, resulting in thousands of teeny tiny orange and purple bruises. "This is fairly common in the elderly, especially in the shin area, and can look like cayenne pepper from far away," Goldenberg says. The most severe cases could cause itching, but prescription topical creams and good sunscreen habits are enough to rid yourself of the condition.
3) You have blood disorder In the case of blood disease, many of them cause the blood to stop clotting properly, and this can result in bruising from very minor physical contact. Some of the disorders that might lead to this sort of unexplained bruising include hemophilia and leukemia. Many of these blood diseases are potentially deadly, and for that reason, it's generally considered very important for individuals to take unexplained bruises seriously.
4) You're Diabetic Sometimes diabetics think that they're suffering with unexplained bruising, but in reality, the marks they find aren't actual bruises. Diabetics can develop patches of discolored skin on certain parts of their bodies, particularly in areas where the skin connects with other skin frequently. These patches are often darker, and the diabetic might think they are bruises, but these areas are actually related to an insulin-resistance-based condition.
5) Excessive strain through exercise Body builders and other people who do a lot of weight lifting can injure themselves unknowingly, and that can result in bruises they can't explain. When people perform these kinds of exercises, they put a lot of strain on their muscles, and blood vessels can burst from the exertion. It's also generally true that any sort of vigorous exercise increases a person's chance for unexplained bruising. When people engage in physically taxing sporting activities, they tend to forget about minor physical impacts, and some of those impacts might be forceful enough to cause a bruise.
6) Medication Easy bruising can occur when the blood vessels are weakened by medications such as aspirin, prednisone, prednisolone, contraceptives and many others. Many medications may cause deficiences in specific vitamins such as vitamin C which is criticial in healing a bruise.
Why You Need More Vitamin C
True vitamin deficiencies are rare in the US, but they do become more common with age. "In fact, the reason people put lemon and limes in their drinks is because vitamin C deficiencies are common in alcoholics,"Goldenberg says. Vitamin C is important in wound healing and the production of collagen, an important structural component of skin. Without enough of it, your blood vessels are out in the open and more likely to rupture. Signs you need more vitamin C: fatigue, depression, bleeding gums, swollen joints, nosebleeds, and dry hair and skin.
If you bruise easily, this should be your first course of action. If you increase your vitamin C intake to at least 2000mg per day and still experience excessive bruises, you may wish to seek the advice of a health professional to investigate the other possibilities above.
Dr. Marianna Pochelli is a Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine specializing in the treatment of disease through superfoods and herbal strategies. She actively promotes detoxification, colon cleansing, and a vegetarian lifestyle using living foods as a platform to health.